Welcome to National Journal of Medical and Dental Research

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Author Guidelines


National Journal of Medical and Dental Research, is published four times annually to promote practice, education, and research specifically related to the specialty of dental and medical research. Manuscripts are accepted for consideration if neither the article, nor any part of its essential substance, tables, or figures has been or will be published in another journal or is simultaneously submitted to another journal. Published papers do not necessarily represent the views of the editor.

Article Types

The following contributions will be accepted for publication. Please take careful note of the maximum length where applicable. Over length articles will be returned to the authors without peer review:

  • Original articles: Randomly controlled trials, intervention studies, studies of screening and diagnostic tests, outcome studies, cost effectiveness analyses, case-control series, and surveys with a reasonably high response rate. Maximum 3000 words excluding the abstract and the references and no more than 30 references.
  • Review articles: (including those related to the Ethics forum, the Education forum, E-Medicine, and so on): Systemic critical assessment of literature and data sources. Maximum 4000 words excluding the abstract and the references and no more than 30 references.
  • Clinical papers: No more than 2500 words and 20 references.
  • Case reports: Novel/interesting/extremely rare cases or rare presentations can be reported. Cases with clinical significance or implications will be given priority. Up to 1500 words excluding references and abstract and up to 15 references.
  • Images in medicine: A short history, photograph, differential diagnosis, and discussion of a classic and/or rare case. Should not be more than 1000 words excluding up to ten references.
  • Letter to the Editor: Should reflect short, decisive observation. No more than 500 words and 5 references.
  • Clinicians Corner: Short narrative of a real life experience in the medical sphere during practice. It should contain a clear, informative, educative, or enlightening message. No more than 600 words
  • Announcements: of conferences, meetings, courses, awards, and other events of interest to the readers should be submitted with the name and address of the person from whom additional information can be sought. No more than 100 words.
  • Please note: Case reports will be considered for publication only if they add new information to the existing body of knowledge or present new points of view on known diseases.

All authors must have contributed to the paper, not necessarily the patient treatment. Technical notes and case reports are limited to a maximum of 4 authors, in exceptional circumstances, 5.

Criteria for Publication

Papers that will be considered for publication should be:

  • Focused.
  • Based on a sound hypothesis and an adequate investigation method analyzing a statistically relevant series, leading to relevant results that back the conclusion.
  • Well written in simple, scientific English grammar and style.
  • Presented with a clear message and containing new information that is relevant for the readership of the journal.
  • Note the comment above relating to case reports.

Following peer-review, authors are required to resubmit their revised paper within 1 month; in exceptional circumstances, this timeline may be extended at the editor's discretion.

Presentation of Manuscripts

General points

Papers should be submitted in journal style. Failure to do so will result in the paper being immediately returned to the author and may lead to significant delays in publication. Spelling may follow British or American usage, but not a mixture of the two. Papers should be double-spaced with a margin of at least 3 cm all round.

  • Title page : The title page should give the following information:

    • Title of the article.
    • Full name of each author.
    • Name and address of the department or institution to which the work should be attributed.
    • Name, address, telephone and fax numbers, and e-mail address of the corresponding author.
    • Sources of support in the form of grants.
    • Key words.
  • Abstract : The length of the abstract should be restricted to 200 words for case reports and brief reports and 350 words for original articles. The abstract should be structured to include the Background, Aims, Settings and Design, Methods and Material, Statistical Analysis used Results and Conclusions.

  • Keywords Three to six keywords

  • Introduction

    • Present first the nature and scope of the problem investigated.
    • Review briefly the pertinent literature.
    • State the rationale for the study.
    • Explain the purpose in writing the paper.
    • State the method of investigation and the reasons for the choice of a particular method.
    • Should be written in the present tense.
  • Materials and Methods

    • Give the full details, limit references.
    • Should be written in the past tense.
    • Include exact technical specifications, quantities and generic names.
    • Limit the number of subheadings, and use the same in the results section.
    • Mention statistical method.
    • Do not include results in this section.
  • Ethics

    While reporting experiments on human subjects, you should indicate whether the procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional or regional) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975 that was revised in 2000. (http://www.wma.net/e/policy/17-c_e.html.)

    Do not use names or initials of patients or hospitals and/or hospital telephone numbers especially in illustrative material.

    While reporting experiments on animals, indicate whether you adhered to the guidelines of an institution or national research council governing the care and use of laboratory animals.

  • Statistics

    Whenever possible, quantify findings and present them with appropriate indicators of measurement error or uncertainty.

    Report losses to observation resulting from conditions, such as dropouts from a clinical trial.

    Include a general description of methods in the Methods section.

    While summarizing the data in the Results section, specify the statistical methods used to analyze them.

    Avoid non-technical uses of technical terms in statistics. Define statistical terms, abbreviations, and most symbols.

  • Results

    • Do not describe methods.
    • Present results in the past tens.
    • Present representations rather than endlessly repetitive data.
    • Use tables where appropriate, and do not repeat information in the text.
  • Discussion

    Emphasize the new and important aspects of the study and the conclusions that result from them.

    Do not repeat in detail the data or other material provided in the Introduction or Results section. Include in results the Discussion section the implications of the findings for the present and for future research and their limitations. Relate the observations to other relevant studies.

    Contributors should refrain from commenting on economic benefits and costs unless their manuscript includes economic data and analyses.

    Avoid claiming priority and alluding to work that has not been completed.

    State new hypotheses when warranted, but clearly label them as such.

    Recommendations may be included only if appropriate.

  • Drugs

    Use only generic (non-proprietary) names in the text. Suppliers of drugs used may be named in the Acknowledgments section. Do not use 'he', 'his' etc where the sex of the person is unknown; say 'the patient' etc. Avoid inelegant alternatives such as 'he/she'. Patients should not be automatically designated as 'she', and doctors as 'he'.

  • References

    The references / bibliography should be in Vancouver style. For full details on this refer to the following link to university of Queensland ( HYPERLINK "http://www.library.uq.edu.au/training/citation/vancouv.pdf" http://www.library.uq.edu.au/training/citation/vancouv.pdf)

    References cited only in tables or figure legends should be numbered in accordance with the sequence established by the first identification in the text of the particular table or figure.

    The titles of journals should be abbreviated according to the style used in Index Medicus.

    Use the complete name of the journal for non-indexed journals.

    Avoid using abstracts as references.

    Information from manuscripts submitted but not accepted should be cited in the text as "unpublished observations" with written permission from the source.

    Avoid citing a "personal communication" unless it provides essential information that is otherwise unavailable from public sources. In such an event, the name of the person and the date of communication should be cited in parentheses in the text.

    For scientific articles, contributors should obtain written permission and confirmation of accuracy from the source of a personal communication.

  • Tables

    Tables should be used only to clarify important points. Double documentation in the form of tables and figures is not acceptable. Tables should be numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals. They should be double spaced and contain only horizontal rules. Do not submit tables as photographs. A short descriptive title should appear above each table, with any footnotes suitably identified below. Care must be taken to ensure that all units are included. Ensure that each table is cited in the text.

  • Figures

    All illustrations (e.g. graphs, drawings or photographs) are considered to be figures, and should be numbered in sequence with Arabic numerals. Each figure should have a caption, typed double-spaced on a separate page and numbered correspondingly. The minimum resolution for electronically generated figures is 300 dpi.

    Photographs and radiographs: Photomicrographs should show magnification and details of any staining techniques used. The area(s) of interest must be clearly indicated with arrows or other symbols.

    Colour images are encouraged, but the decision whether an illustration is accepted for reproduction in colour in the printed journal lies with the editor-in-chief. Figures supplied in colour will appear in colour in the online version of the journal.

    Size of photographs: The final size of photographs will be: (a) single column width (53 mm), (b) double column width (110 mm), (c) full page width (170 mm). Photographs should ideally be submitted at the final reproduction size based on the above figures.


The corresponding author will be provided, at no cost, with a PDF file of the article via e-mail. The PDF file is a watermarked version of the published article and includes a cover sheet with the journal cover image and a disclaimer outlining the terms and conditions of use. Additional paper offprint can be ordered by the authors. An order form with prices will be sent to the corresponding author.

Sending a revised manuscript

Use instructions sent in email by the editor while sending a revised manuscript.


The whole of the literary matter is the copyright of the Editorial Board. The journal, however, grants to all users a free, irrevocable, worldwide, perpetual right of access to, and a license to copy, use, distribute, perform and display the work (either in pre-print or post-print format) publicly and to make and distribute derivative works in any digital medium for any reasonable non-commercial purpose, subject to proper attribution of authorship and ownership if the rights.

The journal also grants the right to make small numbers of printed copies for their personal non-commercial use. The copy right form duly signed by all the authors should be submitted immediately after submitting the manuscript.

You can download copyright form by clicking this link.